If you are coming to this series of posts for the first time you might check out my introductory post for a little context.
I found a description from a blog post for this project:
PineCone lets you take a C# class and then builds a schema for this class. This schema contains cached members that via IL Emit extracts all simple values from the object graph. All values are turned into a StructureIndex, which is contained by a Structure. Each StructureIndex holds a Guid pointing back to the structure so that you easily can navigate to the structure again.
It’s described as a component used in http://sisodb.com/ (which itself looked interesting) and he may use it on other projects.